Scaling and Root Planing
Gum disease is an inflammation of the gums that starts out on the surface and progresses to the bone that surrounds and supports the teeth. It is caused by bacteria in plaque that gets under the gums. Gum disease can be painless, so it can go undetected by you for a long time. It is important to be aware of the following symptoms: swollen or tender gums, gums that have moved away from the teeth or receded, bad breath or bad taste, loose teeth, and/or pus surrounding the teeth and gums.
After scaling and root planing, an antibiotic can be directly applied into the pockets between your teeth and your gums to reduce the amount of bacteria that cause the inflammation of the gums.
Crown Lengthening Procedure
When a cavity or fracture of a tooth extends to underneath the gumline, it is sometimes necessary to uncover more of the tooth before being able to fix it. A crown lengthening procedure is done to make more tooth available for a crown or filling to be made.